Amino Gluconate Transport Technology

Amino Gluconate Transport Technology


Currently micro nutrients are divided into the following categories:-  Mineral oxides, Mineral salts, and the following chelates: EDTA, DTPA, EDDHA, Fulvic acids, Amino Acids and Carbohydrates.  Each of these nutrients has their own advantages, but also intrinsic disadvantages.  Mineral salts and oxides usually have very high mineral contents, but lack solubility, as well as high levels of sulphates, chlorides or nitrates that encourage salinification.  In contrast to this, EDTA and its derivatives are very good chelates and provide minerals to plants, but for each mineral released it has to capture another mineral in its place.  We thus tend to find calcium and iron depletion in the soil.  The natural chelates, Fulvic Acids, Amino Acids and Carbohydrates also are very good transport systems, but the main disadvantage is the restricted quantity of minerals that can be bonded per chelate complex.  It is unfortunately so that most of the natural chelates are only able to carry one mineral for every two chelating molecules.  This usually makes these systems too expensive, with relatively low levels of minerals that are actually chelated, and the rest of the minerals are left in solution.


It has been observed that most of the above advantages can be incorporated, and most of the disadvantages can be overcome by an amine gluconic acid complex (Amino Gluconate).  This transport system has its advantages in its mode of action and bonding action.  Amino Gluconate is a covalent bonded amine in a carbohydrate matrix.  This type of molecule is a major component of a glycoprotein.  It is a structural component of plant cell walls and functional in plant enzymes.  Both these features create a better membrane transport system and has specific targeting actions. These molecules are used by plants during signal transport, as received via plant hormones and organic acids.

These molecules are needed during embryogenesis (seed formation) and growth stimulation.  As a result of the stimulation of embryogenesis, that leads to seed production (Reproduction) or growth stimulation, it encourages plant and root growth. Amino Gluconates are able to provide minerals to the primary growth regions, as well as areas where seed and fruit formation take place.  Amino Gluconate, due to its amine, a type of Nitrogen structure, backbone and carbohydrate side chains has the ability to bind multiple minerals, and thus has the ability to transport more minerals through the chelated complex and less by means of active diffusion, as in the case of most other natural chelates.  By lowering diffusion, a more targeted approach is obtained during mineral delivery to the plant.  As an example: –  is it much easier to deliver a high concentration of calcium, which is relatively immobile during diffusion where it is needed during the Amino Gluconate transport mechanism.  By means of active diffusion, most of the calcium needed in fruit formation is lost as structural components in cell formation prior to reaching the targeted fruit.  Fruit quality is thus not improved by a non-targeted approach.  The concentration of minerals in amine gluconic acids is in most instances much higher than other natural occurring chelates.  The diluent matrix in the mixture is mainly Fulvic Acid and Fulvic Acid is an energy provider to plants.